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Adelaide Almeida

University of Aveiro

Adelaide Almeida is a Full Professor at the Department of Biology from the University of Aveiro (Portugal), where she got her PhD degree, in 2001, and her habilitation, in 2015.

She is an integrated member of the Associated Laboratory Centre for Environmental and Marine Sciences (CESAM). In the last years, she has been involved in the development and application of alternative methods to the use of antibiotics, such as photodynamic therapy and phage therapy. She has published in these fields and her publications can be found in



Mindanao State University-Iligan Institute of Technology

Graduate Student

In the midst of the pandemic, I need to look for a new study then I came across Bacteriophages. It amazed me, the process of lysogenic conversion most specifically. How they can turn naturally unpathogenic bacteria to pathogenic ones like Vibrio cholerae. It made me ask, what if the virulence of most pathogens are actually due to Bacteriophages?

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Amaia Lasagabaste


Researcher at the Bacteriophage Research Group of AZTI

Their great potential as a food safety strategy reveals many avenues for research... there is still a long way to walk but for sure it will be amazing :)

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Amrita Salim

Ph.D. Student

I am a Ph.D. student working on the application of bacteriophages in the treatment of wastewater.

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Archana Loganathan

Vellore Institute of Technology

I am Archana Loganathan, currently pursing my Doctoral research in Antibiotic Resistance and Phage Therapy under the guidance of Dr Ramesh N, Vellore Institute of Technology, India. I am very much interested in phage research and combating growing antibiotic resistance. My area of research is mainly focused on Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). I am currently holding membership in many society.

Interest in my research for microbiology began during my undergrad school in 2012. I was so passionate about the way bacteria works in humans. I took medical microbiology as my core subject and started to explore the potential and harmful aspects of bacterial pathogens. During my final year of undergrad school, I took part in IYMC (International Young Microbiology Competition) on the topic – “Defeating MRSA from the hospital using efficient technique” conducted by We the Microbiologist in support of Microbiology Society. I was selected among the top 60 participants internationally. With this, my interest grew very strong in MRSA and I pursued my Masters in Microbiology and did my project in MRSA under the title ”Phage therapy as an alternative strategy to combat MRSA infections in hospitalized patients” under the supervision of Dr. Ramesh N, in Antibiotic Resistance and Phage Therapy lab, Vellore Institute of Technology, India. Now, I am currently pursuing my Doctoral Research studies under the same PI (Dr. Ramesh N) and broadening my research under the title “Phage Therapy as an effective medicine to combat chronic MRSA infections”.

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Atif Khan

Bhabha Atomic Research Centre

I am working on bacteriophages to target biofilm and biofouling in cooling water pipelines.

I started to work on phages for biofilm removal 2 years ago. I am highly active on twitter to interacr with all the young researchers.

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Benantar fatma zohra

Doctoral student

I'm adoctoral student at Brothers mentouri university. Constantine.Algeria. i'm 32 and à Mother of two boys (8 & 4 years old)

I have been following the same field as my supervisor. during my second year I'have been blessed to discover thé phage directory and Dr. Jessica and to participate in phaves during this summer. I hope to get access to à specialized lab for an internship to get more knowledge and to meet phage researchers from everywhere.

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Danitza Xiomara Romero Calle

State University of Feira de Santana

My name is Danitza, I was born in La Paz Bolivia when I was a teenager I got into the love of genetic engineering só I decided to study Biochemistry, which is the mother of genetic engineering because in my country there was not this career. Later I studied biochemistry at the Major of Saint Andrés University, after that I studied for a master's degree in Biological Sciences, subsequently, I worked at the university as management of research projects, researcher, and research assistant. I got travel awards for several courses in Argentina and Chile. Then I got a scholarship to study for the doctoral degree in Biotechnology in Brazil.

A colleague that traveled to Argentina for a course on Phages, told me about his experience and the application of phages, so I got in the love of phages, and the next year I got the same travel award. This experience changed my life I understood that I had to work with phage therapy, it will be my research line. Since these experiences with phages I continued working in the phages field, today I am doing my thesis about phages for biocontrol of foodborne diseases. I believe there is the world to discover of phages they are the only virus but can control a Bacteria o Archea, so they are amazing. Phage therapy is a promising alternative for antibiotic treatments, However, we need to research the way to increase their antimicrobial activity, stability, reduce their resistance to the host, among other features.

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Dhanyasri Maddiboina

McMaster University

I am a PhD student from Canada studying the use of bacteriophages for biofilm removal of infectious pathogens, in particular Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

It is pertinent we explore antibiotic alternatives and I want to help develop this for widespread therapeutic use.

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Dona Sleiman


After completing my BS in Biochemistry in Beirut, I pursued a master’s degree in Genetics followed by a Master 2 degree in Molecular Engineering. I received my PhD in Biochemistry and Biophysics in 2013 at Paris Descartes University with the highest honors & Committee Praise. Throughout my thesis and post-doctoral experience, I have studied different aspects of protein/nucleic acid interactions using several biophysical techniques.

Since 2016 I have been fascinated by phages, the minimalism & elegance of their genomes, and their abilities to hijack cells to insure their survival & reproduction. Beside that phages are the most abundant "form of life" on earth and a great source of a lot of breakthroughs in biotechnology.

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Ellie Jameson

The University of Warwick

I am a Research Career Development Fellow with Warwick Integrative Synthetic Biology (WISB). I work primarily on gut-associated bacteriophage, particularly Klebsiella and E. coli phages. I am interested in how phages have the potential to manipulate the gut microbiome and prevent urinary tract infections. My gut work involves the bacterial quaternary amine metabolism and production of proatherosclerosis-associated trimethylamine (TMA). The pathways for TMA production are known for choline, carnitine and glycine betaine and my research has revealed which bacteria contain these pathways. My group also looks at soil and freshwater phages.

I have always been interested in science and enjoyed watching caterpillars turn into butterflies and moths when I was little. I love water and did a degree in Marine Biology, but found that large things like fish and mammals were less important to our planet than microbes! Following that I worked as a laboratory technician in a microbiology lab. I applied for PhDs and was really interested in bacteriophages. My PhD was on the diversity of the marine cyanobacteria Prochlorococcus and their co-occurring phages at Plymouth Marine Laboratory, this meant I got to spend 1.5 months at sea collecting samples. Since then I worked in academia on different aspects of microbiology, but got to steer my work back to phages when I was awarded an independent fellowship by WISB.

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Eriny Tadros Nassif Tadros Attalla

Faculty of Pharmacy, Alexandria University.

I have a Bachelor's degree in Pharmacy from Alexandria University. I earned my degree in 2019 and currently I am a Teaching assistant at the Microbiology and Immunology department at the Pharmacy school of Alexandria University. I am also a Masters student, pursuing my degree in Pharmaceutical Microbiology.

Bacteriophages came along my way when I was an undegraduate student. At that time, My professor asked for an assignment about Bacteriophage Therapy and since then I have known that I was interested in the topic. After my graduation, when I started my Masters degree, i found out that my Principal investigator is the same professor and she talked with me about how interested she is in the field of Phage therapy. I started to dig deeper in the field by reading more and conducting some trials in the lab but unfortunately my trials came to a dead end due to the lack of the hand on experiences with phages in my university and we shifted to a different topic. On knowing on the WIP initiative afterwards I become remotivated to give it another try by benefiting from women researchers who have more experience in the field.

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Ester Lázaro

Centro de Astrobiología (CSIC-INTA)

I hold a PhD in Sciences (biological sciences), obtained at the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (Spain) in 1990. My pre-doctoral research was carried out at the Centro de Biología Molecular Severo Ochoa (CBMSO) in Madrid (Spain). After two post-doctoral stays (at the CBMO and the Santiago Ramón y Cajal Institute, both in Spain), I spent two years in the pharmaceutical industry (Laboratorios Andrómaco, Grünenthal group), where I conducted studies on the immunomodulatory activity of natural products. After the closure of Laboratorios Andrómaco in April 1995, I had a nearly 4-year stop in my professional career that lasted until December 1998, when I went back to basic research at the Molecular Evolution Laboratory of the Centro de Astrobiología (CAB). In this center, I enjoyed several postdoctoral fellowships and research contracts, until in 2009 I achieved a permanent position.

During my stay at CAB I have implemented a line of research that tries to understand the dynamics and molecular basis of biological adaptation through experimental evolution studies with bacteriophages. The most relevant achievements of this research are: 1) Identification of a decaying and fluctuating pattern of fitness loss in viruses propagated through serial population bottlenecks 2) identification of interfering interactions in the viral mutant spectrum as a new mechanism leading to extinction, 3) demonstration that the increase in the error rate can be beneficial in low-fitness viruses and in situations of environmental change, 4) development of theoretical models of evolution based on real parameters, 5) characterization of the mechanisms of resistance to mutagenic agents in an RNA bacteriophage (Qβ), 6) study of the influence of mutant interactions in the fixation of beneficial mutations, 7) characterization of the adaptive pathways followed by Qβ in response to temperature increases in both the extracellular and the intracellular medium, and 8) study of the influence of the pre-existent diversity and the pattern of change in the selective pressures on virus adaptation. In addition to my research work, I also carry out an intense outreach work to bring science closer to the general public through books (two published), popular science conferences, radio and TV programs, and popular science articles.

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Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh

Presently pursuing Phd in nanovaccine preparation. Though in past i have 2 years(from 2014-2016) experience at Cordova Publications as a Biology Editor having job responsibilities of editing, proof reading, content writing, etc. but i am keenly interested in research field. “I Can, I Will and I Must” are the words that have always been a key point behind my learning. I would like to work on cancer research and problems related to it. Besides, I am interested in tissue culture, molecular biology, nanotechnology, genetic engineering, environmental biotech and bioinformatics

One of my Professor has a discussion of this topic and looking at to the current problems and research gaps, motivates me think about it and move head in this area.

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Ivy Mutai

Institute of Primate Research

I am a biochemist from Kenya both undergrad and postgrad. I am very passionate in research, currently taking part in phage research and capacitybbuilding in phage biology across various learning institutions in Kenya.

I was trained during my internship at Institute of Primate Research,Kenya by one of the best phage biologist, Joseph Michaels Ochieng when he was doing his masters project. I fully joined the field once he left for his further studies abroad.Thats when I continued building capacity on phage isolation techniques to the attachees from various learning institutions as well as creating awareness on the rise in antimicrobial resistance.I was also lucky to be part of the 2nd East African Training workshop held in Kilifi Kenya, Phages for Global Health, which was a great add in my training skills and knowledge.It has been four years of success in the training and more research scientists and students venturing into this field in response to curbing the rising in AMR.

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Karen Adler

University of Leicester

PhD student and microbiologist with a wealth of experience in researching phages for ESKAPE pathogens, currently leading the laboratory research component of future clinical trial.

I fell in love with microbiology during my Bachelor's degree while studying biomedical science, especially with the fact that viruses are not alive, yet do so much damage!! For my Master's degree, I found a phage laboratory and joined it, and am now working on creating phages for therapy!

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Maite Muniesa

University of Barcelona

I am professor in Microbiology and my interests focus on phages in three different fields. 1) their role as mobile genetic elements mobilizing bacterial genes, particularly toxins and antibiotic resistance genes. 2)the study of enteric phages as indicators of viral fecal pollution in water and food and 3) the presece of phages in different biomes, from the environment to the human body.

I started as collaborator in the department of Microbiology in a group working with phages when one day I heard a conversation talking about Shiga toxin phages, phages that carry the shiga toxin gene, responsible of disease in pathogenic E. coli. I was fascinated by these phages and their cardinal role in bacterial pathogenicity and soon they become the subject of my PhD. I work with phages in different fields since then and they have also become the main subject of all the students I have supervised so far.

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María I. Vélez Brochero


I am María Vélez Brochero, Colombian. BSc. In Microbiology and immensely passionate about bacteriophage research.

In my undergraduate thesis I worked with Staphylococcus aureus bacteriophages. I was immensely passionate. afterwards, I did a research internship working with them. Soon I will start my graduate studies where I will continue working with bacteriophage proteins. I sincerely believe that phages are the future. In addition to countering multi-drug resistance, bacteriophage research has been useful for the discovery of the CRISPR system in bacteria. Today we know that through genetic engineering and Phage-display technology they can be important vehicles for delivery of vaccines or treatments Also, reporter bacteriophages have been designed that contribute to the diagnosis of bacterial infections. I am proud to follow this path

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Mónica Cortés Higareda

Centro de Desarrollo de Productos Bióticos

Ph.D student

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Montserrat Llagostera

Professor of Microbiology at the Autonomous University of Barcelona (Spain)

ORCID Code: 000-0001-8177-8321; Researcher ID: K-5325-2014

She got her B.Sc. (1976) and Ph.D. (1983) in Biological Sciences by the Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB). She was Director of the Biological Laboratory Hoechst Ibérica, S.A., Spain (1976-1981). She has held different teaching positions, being Professor of Microbiology since 2009 at the UAB.

She has 40 years of academic experience. The lines of research most outstanding are the following: i) Bacterial DNA repair and mutagenesis ii) Bacterial resistance to antibiotics and widespread of this resistance. iii) Virulence factors and design of vaccine strains. iv) Bacteriophages: Molecular studies and their applications

NUMERICAL DATA ON THE RESEARCH ACTIVITY Projects funded by EU: 5 (4 as leader and 1 as coordinator) Projects funded by Spanish Ministries and Generalitat of Catalonia: 32 (14 as leader and 18 as team member) Spanish networks: 4 as team member Contracts with private companies: 32 (23 as responsible) Articles published: 115 (91 in Journals indexed in JCR) h-index= 32 (Google Scholar) PhD supervised in the last 10 years: 10 Patents granted and licensed: 1

My interest in bacteriophages comes from far away since my PhD dealt with the characterization of a new attenuated Salmonella phage. I have subsequently used bacteriophages in numerous investigations for their transduction capacity. However, it was not until 2006 that I became interested in phages again after being convinced that we could win battles in our fight against bacterial resistance but not the war. Therefore, other strategies were required. Phages are a very good alternative or complementary measure. Thus began my second stage of research focused on bacteriophages. My interest is now focused on their study as phage therapy agents, on their molecular knowledge, and their close evolutionary relationship with bacteria, which are able to develop resistance to phages.

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Pilar Domingo-Calap

Instituto de Biología Integrativa de Sistemas (Universitat de València-CSIC)

Pilar Domingo-Calap is a biologist interested in the biomedical implications of viruses. She obtained her biology degree and master in biodiversity at the Universitat de València (UV), both with honors. During her PhD (defended in 2012 at UV with honors), she investigated the fitness effects of mutations in phages, and their influence on phage evolution. Her PhD was extended with two internships at the Institut de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (CNRS, France), where she studied the mutation rate of HIV-1 co-funded by a European Research Council (ERC) Starting Grant. Whereas her PhD was mainly focused on fundamental research topics, her interests shifted towards biomedicine during her postdoc. In 2013, she joined a Laboratoire d’Excelence (INSERM) at the Centre de Recherche d'Hématologie et Immunologie (Université de Strasbourg). Under the supervision of Dr. Bahram, she started a new research line aimed at characterizing BK polyomavirus genetic diversity and immune escape in transplant recipients, using next-generation sequencing and epitope analysis. During this period, she also established several collaborations with physicians and clinical virologists. In 2016, she obtained a Juan de la Cierva Incorporación contract under the supervision of Dr. Sanjuán to join the Instituto de Biología Integrativa de Sistemas (UV-CSIC). There, she extended her work on viral pathogenesis and immunity. Using a rhabdovirus, their showed how virus-virus interactions determine immune evasion both in vitro and in vivo. Currently, she has been hired as Ramón y Cajal researcher at the Instituto de Biología Integrativa de Sistemas (UV-CSIC), launching her own group, The Environmental and Biomedical Viruses Lab (The EnBiVir Lab).

Her main research line, hunting viruses from the environment to be used in biomedicine, promotes phages as a promising alternative treatment against multidrug-resistant bacteria, allowing her to combine her expertise in phage biology and biomedicine. Phages are ubiquitous in the environment and immensely diverse, making phage discovery a powerful source of new therapies against pathogenic bacteria. She has been recently awarded an ESCMID Research Grant 2020 to pursue her research in phage therapy to combat Klebsiella pneumoniae, one of the high-risk infectious diseases due to the emergence of multidrug-resistant strains. She is member of the Spanish phage network (FAGOMA), the American Society for Microbiology, the Sociedad Española de Virología, and the ESCMID. Additionally, she has signed transfer agreements and established collaborations with national hospitals, which will allow her to directly explore phage therapy in the clinical setting, mainly as compassionate use. Recently, the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has led her to conduct epidemiological surveillance studies of the virus through sewage and to study a possible indirect transmission route through the environment, being the PI of a FONDO COVID-19 grant (ISCIII), and the possible fecal-oral transmission, as PI of a CSIC-COVID-19 grant (CSIC). She is PI of more than 10 transfer contracts with private companies, including COVID-19 research (surveillance and antivirals) and phage therapy. Finally, it is worth to mention her teaching activities, mainly in Genetics, Evolution, Virology, and Phage Therapy at UV, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Howest International University, Université Franche-Comté, and Université de Strasbourg. She is certified to the figure “Contratado Doctor”.

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Pilar García Suárez

Dairy Research Institute of Asturias, IPLA-CSIC

Pilar García PhD is a Staff Research Scientist of CSIC (Higher Council for Scientific Research National Agency, Spain). Prior to joining the DairySafe team at the Institute of Dairy Products of Asturias (IPLA-CSIC), she graduated summa cum laude from the University of Oviedo (Spain). She continued her studies in Microbiology earning the PhD degree at the same University.

Most part of her research career has been focused on the exploitation of bacteriophages as genetic tools to be applied in the food industry. In this field, two main research areas can be distinguished: i) bacteriophages infecting lactic acid bacteria as one of the most important problems in the dairy industry, and ii) bacteriophages as antimicrobial agents (human therapy and food safety). Throughout both stages common subjects have been developed including: isolation and morphological characterization of bacteriophages, sequencing and bioinformatic analysis of bacteriophage’s genome, transcriptomic and proteomic analysis of phage encoded genes, expression and purification of relevant phage proteins, study of phage lytic activities, design and analysis of bacteriophage resistant strains. At the moment, biopreservation of dairy products by phages has become the main topic of her research. The design of phage mixtures and phage encoded products as biopreservatives against food-borne bacteria led her to apply predictive microbiology and hurdle technology as methods in the improvement of food safety. The removal of biofilms by phage-derived antimicrobials is one of the main interests of her current research.

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Siobain Duffy

Rutgers University

Associate Professor studying viral experimental and molecular evolution in RNA phage phi6 + others, also in fast-evolving eukaryotic viruses.

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Urša Miklavcic

University of Ljubljana, Slovenia

Recent graduate of Molecular and Functional Biology, did my bachelors degree in Biology. Worked in different labs during summer and now I'm waiting for borders in Europe to open, so I can start my internship at University of Copenhagen. I'm interested in molecular mechanisms of co-evolution between phages and bacteria and in different approaches in which we can modify phages, their capsids and PICIs as a means to cure bacterial infections.

I' ve worked with phages since I discovered what they are in my bachelor's degree a few years back. First research in which I was involved looked at HGT in gut microbiota. My part was isolating lytic phages from feces of pregnant women, to see if any of them poses resistance genes which could potentially be incorporated into the genom of gut bacteria. I was fascinated how many and how diverse their presence in the gut was. Since than I also did my master thesis on cohabitation of two temperate phages in Bacillus thuringiensis. Now I'm waiting for borders to open in Europe so I can start my internship at University of Copenhagen, working on PICIs.